Colección

Colección

REASON FOR INTERVENTION
 

The decision to restore this work was taken following an application for the loan of the work received from Centre Pompidou in Paris for the retrospective exhibition CHRISTIAN BOLTANSKI. FAIRE SON TEMPS (13 November 2019 - 16 March 2020). The installation comprises a total of 360 elements in different materials and formats. The primary reason for this intervention was the notable deterioration produced by the corrosion of the metallic elements of the work. The very thin tinplate used for the boxes had reacted to the humidity, giving rise to corrosion which also affected the contents inside the boxes.
 

STATE OF CONSERVATION
 

The state of conservation of the work is below optimum both from an aesthetic as well as a structural viewpoint due to the advance state of oxidation of the boxes. The elements in the installation are as follows:
 

336 metal boxes

Affected by active oxidation, remains of adhesive, small shards of metal, stains, erosion, deformations and surface dirt.

The materials contained inside the boxes:

_ Fabric: the corrosion of the boxes has affected the inside and impregnated the fabrics and stained them with rust. Abundant dirt, deformations, breakages, signs of decomposition and bio-deterioration.

_ Cellulose support: general dirt, stains produced by damp and corrosion of metal. Oxidation of the material, yellowing, acidity, fragility. Biological contamination. Damage caused by incorrect storage such as deformation, creases, folds, breakage, small losses, exfoliation of corners. Traces of different kinds of adhesive tape, namely: sellotape, masking tape, gummed paper. Alterations of dyes: fading, colour bleeding.

_ Photographs: exfoliation in corners. Folds and creases. Corrugation, deformations, abrasions, inscriptions and stains.
 

12 boxes with photos with metal mesh

Montage of black and white photographs adhered to cardboard with adhesive, in turn adhered inside the box at six points with double-sided tape.

Dust and dirt had accumulated on the photographs as well as the boxes and metal mesh. The meshes and the boxes have active points of oxidation and some meshes have small breakages, erosion, deformations and traces of adhesive tapes. The wires holding the meshes are oxidized with some loss or breakage.
 

12 flexo-type lamps

Defective wiring, erosion caused by handling, small loss of paint, traces of adhesives, and general dirt.
 

TREATMENT UNDERTAKEN
 

Description of the different processes according to material:
 

Metal

Hand cleaning of all the boxes using steel wool of varying grades depending on the layer to be removed (000 and 0000), and a mixture of acetic acid (70%) with linseed oil (10%) and 96º alcohol (20%).

Brass brushes were used in areas with greater amounts of rust.

The remains of labels were removed with cotton swabs and 100% acetone dissolvent, and then finished mechanically with scalpels.

Treatment to protect the boxes in order to prevent oxidation with a mixture of 2% Paraloid B72 resin in acetone applied by brush.

Revision of system for mounting the 12 metallic meshes. Removal of rusted wires and replacement by stainless steel wires.
 

Fabric

Gentle micro-vacuuming and application of a biocidal treatment in spray: biotin in distilled water (1/3).

Followed by immersion in a mixture of 50% sodium bicarbonate and citric acid in distilled water, and the application of a specific reductive bleaching agent with final rinsing. Drying with driers and weights.
 

Cellulose support

Surface cleaning with Japanese brushes, elimination of deformations, damp control and weights, tears sutured with methyl-cellulose and Japanese paper. Dry cleaning with make-up sponges and isolated treatment of stains.
 

Photographs

Gentle vacuuming and Japanese brushes.
 

Flexo lamps

Surface cleaning, placement of clamps and replacement of bulbs with LEDs.

Preventive conservation rules applied, coding of all pieces and creation of new more appropriate packaging.

Finally, authorization and acceptance on behalf of the artist was sought at all times for the intervention undertaken, agreeing on the maintenance or conservation of the original aesthetic appearance and a respect for the material integrity of the work.

Type of activity
Dates
2021
Intended for
Temas
Entradilla

The decision to restore this work was taken following an application for the loan of the work received from Centre Pompidou in Paris for the retrospective exhibition CHRISTIAN BOLTANSKI. FAIRE SON TEMPS (13 November 2019 - 16 March 2020). The installation comprises a total of 360 elements in different materials and formats. 

Subtítulo
RELIQUAIRE 1990
Categoría cabecera
Reliquaire
CASE CHRISTIAN BOLTANSKI
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REASON FOR INTERVENTION
 

The decision to restore this work was taken following an application for the loan of the work for Diccionario incompleto de la fotografía española. CA2M Collection, an upcoming exhibition at Centro Oscar Niemeyer in Avilés and the poor state of conservation of the photocollage.
 

STATE OF CONSERVATION
 

This piece is in the middle of the process of restoration, currently interrupted due to the state of emergency.
The montage of the photocollage was being changed due to the inadequate materials for a correct conservation of the work, given that the back of the MDF board and the adhesives used to support the work were transmitting acidity to the original elements.
 

TREATMENT UNDERTAKEN
 

After first dismounting the work, we proceeded to eliminate all elements harmful for its correct conservation, although it was impossible to remove the cardboard on which the photos were adhered, as this was the original montage by the artist.
Remains of adhesive from sellotape and double-sided tape were removed with the aid of a hot air gun and various kinds of erasers.
Afterwards the front surface of the photographs was cleaned, eliminating fingerprints and any remains of adhesive as far as possible.
The work was then mounted again, adhering the photos lightly and fixing the work as a whole to a passe-partout folder with strips of Japanese paper.

Type of activity
Dates
2021
Intended for
Temas
Entradilla

The decision to restore this work was taken following an application for the loan of the work for Diccionario incompleto de la fotografía española. CA2M Collection, an upcoming exhibition at Centro Oscar Niemeyer in Avilés and the poor state of conservation of the photocollage.

Subtítulo
LOCURA DE AMOR. 1997
Categoría cabecera
Ciuco Gutiérrez
CASE CIUCO GUTIÉRREZ
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REASON FOR INTERVENTION
 

The installation consists of a mural, comprising four fragments, made by Manuel S. Molezún in 1958, and recovered by Patricia Esquivias in 2016. Located in one of the balconies intervened by Manuel S. Molezún in a building on Paseo de la Castellana in Madrid, it was removed and donated to CA2M by the artist, which was the reason for the intervention.
 

STATE OF CONSERVATION
 

Following an organoleptic examination of the pieces, it was ascertained that the state of conservation was less then optimum.
Both the support (brick and cement) as well as the ceramic tiles had deteriorated due to the location of the work outdoors, in contact with pollution and changing weather conditions like rain, wind and contrasts of heat and cold.
Once the mural was removed, with the tiles having been previously fixed with adhesive tape to avoid any of them falling off, part of the cement mortar was disaggregated which deteriorated the adhesiveness between it and the tiles and affected the visibility and integrity of the work.
 

TREATMENT UNDERTAKEN
 

The restoration was started with a process of surface cleaning where possible.
The consolidation of the support, the mural, and the fixation or adhesion of the tiles together with the elimination of the adhesives used during the phase of removal were the most delicate tasks.
Afterwards, the volumetric and chromatic reintegration of the tiles was undertaken.
As the final phase of the intervention, grout was added to recover the work’s original aesthetic and then finally a layer of protection was applied.

Type of activity
Dates
2021
Intended for
Temas
Entradilla

The installation consists of a mural, comprising four fragments, made by Manuel S. Molezún in 1958, and recovered by Patricia Esquivias in 2016. Located in one of the balconies intervened by Manuel S. Molezún in a building on Paseo de la Castellana in Madrid, it was removed and donated to CA2M by the artist, which was the reason for the intervention.

Subtítulo
MURAL RECUPERADO, MANUEL S. MOLEZÚN, 1958 (2016)
Categoría cabecera
Patricia Esquivias
CASE PATRICIA ESQUIVIAS
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REASON FOR INTERVENTION
The sculpture under study is a metallic structure redolent of a truncated asymmetrical elevator.
The major concern was the deterioration of the asymmetrical structure caused primarily by its design, dimensions and the interplay of the different volumes and weights. This is further accentuated by the exhibition system, with its oblique inclination with respect to the wall and the fact that there are only two points of contact on which the work is supported.
 

STATE OF CONSERVATION
Some structural damage was observed in terms of deformation and damage to the material as well as active points of oxidation. The work was also affected by superficial damage in terms of accumulated dirt, environmental pollution, alteration of the layers of protection with whitish wax residues, losses, knocks and erosion.
 

TREATMENT UNDERTAKEN
After an initial cleaning of the whole sculpture, the deformations of the cross bracing were remedied.
Loose pieces were affixed with cold-welding using epoxy resins.
To strengthen the structure and provide the sculpture with greater stability, the system of anchoring the work was replaced and reinforced.
The treatment was concluded with the application of a final layer of protection.

Type of activity
Dates
2021
Intended for
Temas
Entradilla

The sculpture under study is a metallic structure redolent of a truncated asymmetrical elevator.

Subtítulo
ASCENSOR OBLICUO 1987
Categoría cabecera
Ángeles Marco
CASE ÁNGELES MARCO
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REASON FOR INTERVENTION
When they were left on deposit in the Fundación Arco Collection at CA2M in 2014, conservation reports were drawn up on the works by Richard Serra, which are all individual pieces and not a triptych. It was immediately apparent that they all required restoration to prevent future problems in conservation.
 

The main reason for intervention was the noticeable damage, partly due to inadequate mounting. It is probable that when they were framed the oil had not completely dried, thus explaining why part of the paint had stuck to the perspex.
 

STATE OF CONSERVATION
The damage suffered was common to all the works: alterations in the layer of paint in terms of texture, lustre, surface dirt, damp stains on the bottom part, residue of oxidised adhesives, fingerprints on the white parts of the paper, and, more significantly, loss of adhesion between the layers of mounting (deformations, folds and blisters).
 

TREATMENT UNDERTAKEN
After dismounting the works, the surfaces were cleaned using soft brushes and gentle vacuuming. The stains were treated chemically or mechanically, depending on their origin. The adhesion between layers, blisters, were subject to different conservation criteria, given the delicacy of the operation. Some of them did not adversely affect the visual appearance of the work and did not pose a problem in terms of conservation so it was decided to only treat the most visible ones. The intervention was concluded with the chromatic and volumetric reintegration in damaged areas of the rigid support.

Type of activity
Dates
2021
Intended for
Temas
Entradilla

When they were left on deposit in the Fundación Arco Collection at CA2M in 2014, conservation reports were drawn up on the works by Richard Serra, which are all individual pieces and not a triptych. It was immediately apparent that they all required restoration to prevent future problems in conservation.

Subtítulo
ERNIE'S MARK | GLENDA LOUGH | PARIS | ROBESON | TUJUNGA BLACKTOP 1984
Categoría cabecera
Richard Serra
CASE RICHARD SERRA
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REASON FOR INTERVENTION
This work, a large format oil-on-canvas painting, was in need of restoration. As a consequence of a series of movements prior to entering the collection, the layer of paint had been adversely affected. Given the delicacy and the matte quality of the paint, the alterations were particularly visible and detracted from its appearance.
 

STATE OF CONSERVATION
Alterations in the support, deformations, damage to the layer of paint, surface dirt, fingerprints, erosion, losses of paint which reveal the underlying priming layer, and previous retouches which had altered the tone of the colour.
 

TREATMENT UNDERTAKEN
The intervention in the support consisted in eliminating the deformations caused by corner draws and loss of tension in the stretcher frame, with a risk of the linen fabric tearing in the corners. The original black perimeter tape was replaced wherever missing.
 

All stains were removed as far as possible and the layer of paint was reintegrated, which proved the most complex part of the process given the texture of the work.

 

Type of activity
Dates
2021
Intended for
Temas
Entradilla

This work, a large format oil-on-canvas painting, was in need of restoration. As a consequence of a series of movements prior to entering the collection, the layer of paint had been adversely affected. Given the delicacy and the matte quality of the paint, the alterations were particularly visible and detracted from its appearance.

Subtítulo
SYDUS I. 1997
Categoría cabecera
Sydus I
CASE PABLO PALAZUELO
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REASON FOR INTERVENTION
This work, consisting of two elements, was made for the exhibition Una obra para un espacio, held at Canal de Isabel II in Madrid in 1987. Afterwards the two elements were stored separately in different locations, until the work was deposited in the collection.
 

The materials of which the work is made are most often the cause of alterations and/or deterioration. The reason for this intervention is the aging of the constituent materials, exasperated by exposure to inappropriate climatic factors at some period of time.
 

STATE OF CONSERVATION
The state of conservation of the two elements differed from one another. In the catalogue for the exhibition, the artist stated that he uses different kinds of material in making his works, perhaps insinuating that they would behave differently in the future, with the passing of time. The loss of patina and accumulated rust are the most notable alterations.
 

TREATMENT UNDERTAKEN
The aim of the restoration was to recover and unify the patina of the pieces. To this end, the elements were cleaned, after which a high percentage of the patina was uncovered. Inhibition of further corrosion was another main action.
 

The matte finish further underscores the different materials used, more saturated in the ‘A’ element than in the ‘K’.

Type of activity
Dates
2021
Intended for
Temas
Entradilla

This work, consisting of two elements, was made for the exhibition Una obra para un espacio, held at Canal de Isabel II in Madrid in 1987. Afterwards the two elements were stored separately in different locations, until the work was deposited in the collection.

Recursos
Subtítulo
FAMILY PLOT (A Y K). 1987
Categoría cabecera
CASO TXOMIN BADIOLA
CASE TXOMIN BADIOLA
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REASON FOR THE INTERVENTION

The triptych, made up of three equal sections, has been part of the collection since 1996. It has been housed in different locations since it its creation in 1984, and its display at the Sao Paulo Biennial in 1985. These relocations, together with the consequent changes in the environmental conditions that this entailed, have led to a series of alterations being carried out on the work.

A decision to intervene was taken as these alterations put the stability of the work at risk: visitors were not seeing the artwork correctly due to the aesthetic distortions.

STATE OF CONSERVATION

The three canvases, each mounted individually on a frame, have become loose and deformed. Some of the tacks used to attach the canvases are missing and have been replaced with staples which leads us to believe that the artwork has undergone previous interventions in order to restore it and to re-stretch the canvases. The lower sections of all three canvases have suffered severe deterioration, and two tears on one of the canvases have been treated in a previous intervention. In addition, the paint layer – delicate, by nature – has disintegrated and there is paint loss especially in areas close to the lower edge.

TREATMENT CARRIED OUT

Following an interview with the artist and following the prior analysis of the artwork, the support has been stabilised with reinforcement strips, patches have been applied, and the canvas has been correctly stretched; the deformations have also been specifically treated.

A dry method was used to remove surface dirt in order to avoid damaging the paint layer or changing its appearance. The preparatory and paint layers were stabilised by consolidating them, and then reintegrated both physically and chromatically.

The various steps of the intervention made it possible to better understand the nature of the artwork and analyse its specificities for any future conservation to be carried out correctly.

Type of activity
Temas
Entradilla

The triptych, made up of three equal sections, has been part of the collection since 1996. It has been housed in different locations since it its creation in 1984, and its display at the Sao Paulo Biennial in 1985. These relocations, together with the consequent changes in the environmental conditions that this entailed, have led to a series of alterations being carried out on the work.

Galería de imágenes
Caso Navarro Baldeweg
Caso Navarro Baldeweg
Caso Navarro Baldeweg
Caso Navarro Baldeweg
Caso Navarro Baldeweg
Subtítulo
Xaló, 1984
Categoría cabecera
Caso Baldweg
NAVARRO BALDEWEG CASE
Pie media

Juan Navarro Baldeweg: Xaló, 1984.

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Entrevista con Navarro Baldeweg

REASON FOR THE REPAIRS

The sculpture consists of welded pieces taken from playground furniture. The top layer was painted by the artist.

The piece is part of a set created for the 9th Mercosul Biennial, Brazil, in 2013. It was later exhibited outdoors in Rio de Janeiro’s Botanical Garden. Then, it was moved to Spain, cut into fragments and welded back together upon arrival in order to be exhibited in the Sala Alcalá in 2019. Following the exhibition, it became a part of CA2M’s Collection and was kept on the rooftop for some time.

 

The material history of the piece, the various times it has been transported and exhibition conditions were considerations leading to its repair.

STATE OF CONSERVATION

Its state of conservation was fragile with damage to its structure caused by rusting that led to the loss of fragments and deformations, loss of metal welding and a weakening of the overall material. The pictorial layer also suffered damage due to dirt, stains, remains of adhesive tape, missing pieces and peeling layers of paint.

 

TREATMENT PERFORMED

The level of repairs to be carried out was agreed upon with the artist and with the institution, yet with the decision to leave some traces of the piece’s material history.
It was cleaned to remove dirt, remains of adhesive tape and peeling layers of paint. The areas affected by rust were stabilised and loose flakes of paint were fixed in place.
The support was secured with cold welding, fastening elements and structural reinforcements. This was followed by chromatic reintegration and the application of a coat of acrylic film to protect it from the elements.

Type of activity
Dates
2021
Intended for
Entradilla

The material history of the piece, the various times it has been transported and exhibition conditions were considerations leading to its repair.

Galería de imágenes
Caso Sara Ramo
Caso Sara Ramo
Caso Sara Ramo
Caso Sara Ramo
Caso Sara Ramo
Caso Sara Ramo
Caso Sara Ramo
Subtítulo
PART OF THE RUSE OF THE REMOTE OR VERTEBRAL UNREMEMBERING, 2013
Categoría cabecera
Caso Sara Ramo
Sara Ramo Case
More information
Pie de galería
Proceso de restauración.
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